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The Antananarivo declaration

"An enduring friendship and perpetual support between two closely related peoples”

Ikililou Dhoinine and Hery Rajaonarimampianina
Ikililou Dhoinine and Hery Rajaonarimampianina
The President of the Republic, Hery Rajaonarimampianina welcomed the President of the Comoros, Dr Ikililou Dhoinine, to the Palais d’Iavoloha. After the two leaders had greeted each other, a summit was held between the two delegations following the sessions that were held at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs at Anosy.
The meeting was followed by a press briefing session where both leaders set out their ideas relating to the economic cooperation between the Comoros and Madagascar, the key challenges facing the region including illegal trade in natural resources and, in particular, the need to update existing agreements in order to improve bilateral relations.
Here is the content of the joint Antananarivo Declaration:


1. The President of the Union of the Comoros, His Excellence Doctor Ikililou Dhoinine visited Madagascar between 29 February 2016 and 2 March 2016. In the context of this official visit, the President of the Union of the Comoros and the President of the Republic of Madagascar jointly adopted the following declaration:

Political Relations:
2. The Malagasy president welcomed the visit of the Head of State of the Comoros to Madagascar. This visit forms part of a resurgence in the relations between the two countries and reflects their desire to work together to reach a new stage in a mutually beneficial partnership.
3. The two presidents recalled the historic links of friendship and collaboration that are shared by the Union of the Comoros and Madagascar. They reaffirmed their deep commitment to amicable relations between the countries.

4. In the context of the changing regional and global economic situation, and with a view to expanding the scope of existing cooperation between the two countries, they agreed to proceed to revise the General Collaboration Framework Agreement signed in February 1987.
5. In order to ensure that existing Agreements are monitored and implemented, they committed to proceed with the activities of the Joint Collaboration Committee from both countries, with its next meeting to be held at Antananarivo in the next few months.

6 With a view to preserving amicable relations between the countries and in order to make the best use of marine resources, both parties expressed their willingness to proceed with timely discussions aimed at implementing the maritime boundaries between Madagascar and the Comoros, with particular regard to be paid to the relevant provisions of the United Nations Convention on Maritime Law of 10 December 1982.
7. In order to emphasise and deepen the long-standing relations and good neighbourliness between the two peoples, and in order to enhance the freedom of movement between the two closely related peoples, they emphasised the importance of entering into a cooperation agreement covering residence of Comorian students in Madagascar and Malagasy nationals in the Comoros.

Appropriate measures shall be adopted via a common agreement covering visa-related topics and the question of Comorian students in Madagascar and the situation of Malagasy doctors practising medicine in the Comoros.

The Malagasy party agrees, in a spirit of solidarity, to explore the possibility of making the process of granting residence visas for students less onerous.  Discussions will be held at a technical level in order to reach mutually acceptable solutions.

8. Both Parties commit to facilitating the cultural freedom of the two countries’ nationals in their respective territories.

Economic and trade relations
9. With a firm belief in the economic potential of both countries, the two heads of state committed to promote trade and investment. Accordingly, both parties agreed to conclude a trade agreement, notwithstanding the existing protocols.
They therefore encouraged the private sector and chambers of commerce and industry in both countries to form favourable business links via joint initiatives.

Judicial Cooperation
10. With a view to improving cooperation between the legal systems of the two countries, both Parties agreed to renew and revise the Bilateral Agreement relating to this topic.
Academic Cooperation 

11. Aware of the importance of strengthening the countries’ human capital in order to achieve sustainable, inclusive development in both countries, in addition to the quality of education provided to university students, both parties agreed to conclude an agreement relating to academic cooperation between their respective universities.

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